韩辉, 伍波, 贾娇娇, 宋悦谦. 2023年12月全球传染病疫情概要[J]. 凯发娱乐加盟代理, 2024, 39(1): 4-6. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202401190026
引用本文: 韩辉, 伍波, 贾娇娇, 宋悦谦. 2023年12月全球传染病疫情概要[J]. 凯发娱乐加盟代理, 2024, 39(1): 4-6. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202401190026
Han Hui, Wu Bo, Jia Jiaojiao, Song Yueqian. Summary of global surveillance data of infectious diseases in December 2023[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2024, 39(1): 4-6. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202401190026
Citation: Han Hui, Wu Bo, Jia Jiaojiao, Song Yueqian. Summary of global surveillance data of infectious diseases in December 2023[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2024, 39(1): 4-6. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202401190026

2023年12月全球传染病疫情概要

Summary of global surveillance data of infectious diseases in December 2023

  • 摘要: 2023年12月,全球共监测到传染病72种,涉及236个国家和地区。 除流感外,涉及国家和地区数量位于前5位的传染病分别为新型冠状病毒感染(236个)、猴痘(116个)、登革热(36个)、麻疹(25个)和霍乱(14个)。 病死率位于前5位的传染病分别为拉沙热(17.9%)、克里米亚–刚果出血热(9.2%)、西尼罗热(8.6%)、脑膜炎(7.1%)和白喉(5.7%)。 死亡病例数位于前5位的传染病分别为新型冠状病毒感染、疟疾、登革热、麻疹和霍乱。 亚洲主要流行新型冠状病毒感染、霍乱、猴痘、克里米亚–刚果出血热和登革热;非洲主要流行新型冠状病毒感染、霍乱、黄热病、猴痘、拉沙热、白喉、疟疾、脊髓灰质炎和麻疹;美洲主要流行新型冠状病毒感染、霍乱、猴痘和登革热;欧洲主要流行新型冠状病毒感染、猴痘和麻疹。

     

    Abstract: In December 2023, a total of 72 infectious diseases were reported globally, affecting 236 countries and regions. Except for influenza, the top five infectious diseases affecting greatest number of countries and regions were COVID-19 (236), mpox (116), dengue fever (36), measles (25) and cholera (14). The top five infectious diseases with highest case fatality rates were Lassa fever (17.9%), Crimean-congo hemorrhagic fever (9.2%), West Nile virus infection (8.6%), meningitis (7.1%) and diphtheria (5.7%). The top five infectious diseases with greatest number of deaths were COVID-19, malaria, dengue fever, measles and cholera. The prevalent infectious diseases in Asia were COVID-19, cholera, mpox, Crimean-congo hemorrhagic fever and dengue fever, the prevalent infectious diseases in Africa were COVID-19, cholera, yellow fever, mpox, Lassa fever, diphtheria, malaria, poliomyelitis and measles, the prevalent infectious diseases in America were COVID-19, cholera, mpox and dengue fever, the prevalent infectious disease in Europe were COVID-19, mpox and measles.

     

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