武丛聪, 谭丽, 王琼, 徐颖. 2019-2022年山东省济南市百日咳流行病学特征分析[J]. 凯发娱乐加盟代理, 2023, 38(12): 1535-1539. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202304260186
引用本文: 武丛聪, 谭丽, 王琼, 徐颖. 2019-2022年山东省济南市百日咳流行病学特征分析[J]. 凯发娱乐加盟代理, 2023, 38(12): 1535-1539. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202304260186
Wu Congcong, Tan Li, Wang Qiong, Xu Ying. Epidemiological characteristics of pertussis, Ji'nan city, Shandong province, 2019?2022[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2023, 38(12): 1535-1539. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202304260186
Citation: Wu Congcong, Tan Li, Wang Qiong, Xu Ying. Epidemiological characteristics of pertussis, Ji'nan city, Shandong province, 2019?2022[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2023, 38(12): 1535-1539. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202304260186

2019-2022年山东省济南市百日咳流行病学特征分析

Epidemiological characteristics of pertussis, Ji'nan city, Shandong province, 2019?2022

  • 摘要:
    目的 探讨2019—2022年山东省济南市百日咳报告病例发病率的时间变化趋势以及流行病学分布特点。
    方法 通过中国疾病预防控制信息系统收集济南市2019—2022年间的百日咳报告病例,运用描述性流行病学方法分析济南市百日咳的时间、空间以及人群分布特点。
    结果 济南市2019—2022年百日咳年均报告发病率为4.57/10万,发病率呈先下降随后回升趋势。 百日咳发病主要集中在<1岁和1~3岁组,共计945例,占发病总数的57.17%,职业以散居儿童、幼托儿童和学生为主,占总发病的97.94%。 济南市百日咳在13个区(县)均有发病,以章丘区最高,占济南市发病总数的14.82%。 发病高峰月份为8月,占发病总数的10.22%。
    结论 2019 — 2022年间济南市百日咳发病快速下降然后回升,且以低年龄儿童为主。 建议加强百日咳监测工作,推动百日咳疾病主动监测体系的建立,完善百日咳的预防控制的策略。

     

    Abstract:
    Objective  To explore the temporal trends and epidemiological distribution characteristics of the reported cases in Ji'nan city, Shandong province from 2019 to 2022.
    Methods The reported cases of pertussis in Ji'nan from 2019 to 2022 were collected through the Chinese Disease Prevention and Control Information System, and the temporal, spatial and population distribution characteristics of pertussis in Ji'nan were analyzed by descriptive epidemiological methods.
    Results The average annual incidence of pertussis was 4.57/100 000 in Ji'nan from 2019 to 2022, and the incidence decreased first and then increased. The incidence of pertussis was mainly concentrated in the group of <1 year old and 1–3 years old, with a total of 945 cases, accounting for 57.17% of the total incidence. The majority of occupations were scattered children, children in nursery care and students, accounting for 97.94% of the total incidence. There were cases of pertussis in 13 districts and counties in Ji'nan, with Zhangqiu district being the highest, accounting for 14.82% of the total incidence in Ji'nan. The incidence peak was in August, accounting for 10.22% of the total incidence.
    Conclusion  From 2019 to 2022, the incidence of pertussis in Ji'nan city decreased rapidly and then rebounded, mainly in younger children. It is suggested to strengthen pertussis surveillance, promote the establishment of pertussis disease active surveillance system, and improve the prevention and control strategy of pertussis.

     

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