顾明明, 梁鸿镖, 胡雅飞, 徐飞祥, 程强. 2012-2022年浙江省台州市其他感染性腹泻流行特征及长期变化趋势分析[J]. 凯发娱乐加盟代理, 2023, 38(12): 1530-1534. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202303070089
引用本文: 顾明明, 梁鸿镖, 胡雅飞, 徐飞祥, 程强. 2012-2022年浙江省台州市其他感染性腹泻流行特征及长期变化趋势分析[J]. 凯发娱乐加盟代理, 2023, 38(12): 1530-1534. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202303070089
Gu Mingming, Liang Hongbiao, Hu Yafei, Xu Feixiang, Cheng Qiang. Epidemiological characteristics of other infectious diarrhea and its long-term change trend in Taizhou, Zhejiang, 2012?2022[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2023, 38(12): 1530-1534. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202303070089
Citation: Gu Mingming, Liang Hongbiao, Hu Yafei, Xu Feixiang, Cheng Qiang. Epidemiological characteristics of other infectious diarrhea and its long-term change trend in Taizhou, Zhejiang, 2012?2022[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2023, 38(12): 1530-1534. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202303070089

2012-2022年浙江省台州市其他感染性腹泻流行特征及长期变化趋势分析

Epidemiological characteristics of other infectious diarrhea and its long-term change trend in Taizhou, Zhejiang, 2012?2022

  • 摘要:
    目的 了解2012—2022年浙江省台州市其他感染性腹泻流行特征及长期变化趋势,为台州市其他感染性腹泻的监测、防控等工作提供依据与线索。
    方法 通过中国疾病预防控制信息系统收集2012—2022年台州市其他感染性腹泻病例数据资料,以描述性流行病学研究方法分析流行特征;采用Joinpoint回归分析对2012—2022年台州市其他感染性腹泻发病率变化趋势进行分析。
    结果 台州市2012—2022年共报告其他感染性腹泻病例144 460例,无死亡病例,年均报告发病率为212.74/10万。 男性年均报告发病率为231.26/10万,高于女性的192.94/10万,男女性报告发病率差异有统计学意义(P<0.001);发病时间呈现一定的季节性分布,11月左右开始上升至次年1月达到发病高峰,自次年1月起开始逐步下降,至夏季呈现另外一个小高峰;9个县(市、区)均有病例报告,其中温岭市、临海市和仙居县,分别报告30 972、20 975和19 025例,占报告病例总数的49.12%;Joinpoint回归分析显示,2012—2022年总人群报告发病率呈现两个阶段波动,其中2012—2017年呈现上升趋势,但趋势差异无统计学意义[年度变化百分比(APC)=2.68%,P=0.539],2017—2022年呈现下降趋势,趋势差异有统计学意义(APC=?15.14%,P=0.015),2012—2022年报告发病率总体变化呈下降趋势[平均年度变化百分比(APPC)=–6.66%,P=0.030]。
    结论 2012—2022年台州市其他感染性腹泻发病率变化总体呈下降趋势,但仍处于较高水平,需积极开展综合防控措施。

     

    Abstract:
    Objective To explore the epidemiological characteristics of other infectious diarrhea and its long?term change trend in Taizhou, Zhejiang province, from 2012 to 2022, and provide evidence for the surveillance, prevention and control of other infectious diarrhea.
    Methods The incidence data of other infectious diarrhea in Taizhou from 2012 to 2022 were collected from China Disease Control and Prevention Information System for a descriptive epidemiological analysis. Joinpoint regression analysis was used to analyze the changes in the incidence of other infectious diarrhea in Taizhou during this period.
    Results A total of 144 460 cases of other infectious diarrhea were reported in Taizhou from 2012 to 2022 without death. The annual reported incidence rate was 212.74/100 000. The annual reported incidence was 231.26/100 000 in men and 192.94/100 000 in women, the difference was significant (P<0.001). The incidence showed a certain seasonal distribution, which began to increase around November and peaked in January, and gradually decreased to a sub?peak in summer. The cases were reported in 9 counties, in which 30 972, 20 975 and 19 025 cases were reported in Wenling, Linhai and Xianju, accounting for 49.12% of the total reported cases. Joinpoint regression analysis showed that the reported overall incidence rate fluctuated during 2012?2022, increasing firstly during 2012?2017 without significance annual percent change(APC)=2.68%, P=0.539, then decreasing during 2017?2022 with significance (APC=?15.14%, P= 0.015), indicating that the reported overall incidence from 2012 to 2022 showed a decreasing trend (average annual percent change=?6.66%, P=0.030).
    Conclusion The incidence of other infectious diarrhea in Taizhou showed a decreasing trend from 2012 to 2022, but it was still at a high level, suggesting that comprehensive prevention and control measures should be taken actively.

     

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