金曼, 穆尼热克孜·买买提依明, 董航, 王玉忠, 晁先峰, 张周斌. 2021年新疆维吾尔自治区喀什市疏附县农村留守和非留守儿童溺水认知及高危行为调查[J]. 凯发娱乐加盟代理, 2023, 38(12): 1547-1552. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202302220075
引用本文: 金曼, 穆尼热克孜·买买提依明, 董航, 王玉忠, 晁先峰, 张周斌. 2021年新疆维吾尔自治区喀什市疏附县农村留守和非留守儿童溺水认知及高危行为调查[J]. 凯发娱乐加盟代理, 2023, 38(12): 1547-1552. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202302220075
Jin Man, Maimaitiyiming Munirekiz, Dong Hang, Wang Yuzhong, Chao Xianfeng, Zhang Zhoubin. Awareness of drowning and high-risk behaviors of rural left-behind and non-left-behind children in Shufu county, Kashgar, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, 2021[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2023, 38(12): 1547-1552. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202302220075
Citation: Jin Man, Maimaitiyiming Munirekiz, Dong Hang, Wang Yuzhong, Chao Xianfeng, Zhang Zhoubin. Awareness of drowning and high-risk behaviors of rural left-behind and non-left-behind children in Shufu county, Kashgar, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, 2021[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2023, 38(12): 1547-1552. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202302220075

2021年新疆维吾尔自治区喀什市疏附县农村留守和非留守儿童溺水认知及高危行为调查

Awareness of drowning and high-risk behaviors of rural left-behind and non-left-behind children in Shufu county, Kashgar, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, 2021

  • 摘要:
    目的 了解新疆维吾尔自治区疏附县农村留守和非留守儿童关于溺水的认知和高危行为水平,为开展农村儿童防溺水干预提供科学依据。
    方法 采取随机整群抽样的方法,于2021年12月随机抽取2个乡镇,对乡镇内所有小学一年级至初中二年级全部班级进行学生溺水状况问卷调查,采用χ2检验和非条件logistic回归分析溺水高危行为的危险因素。
    结果 共调查中小学生14 543 人,发放问卷14 543份,回收问卷14 543份。 留守儿童在溺水方面的高危行为发生率高于非留守儿童(χ2=8.00,P<0.05)。 留守儿童中性格内向的比率高于非留守儿童(χ2=100.250,P<0.001),与家长(χ2=24.420,P<0.001)和同学(χ2=35.420,P<0.001)相处情况比非留守儿童差。 学校附近有开放性水域比值比(OR)=1.218,95%置信区间(CI):1.088~ 1.364 、家附近有开放性水域(OR=1.893,95%CI:1.704~2. 102)、性格内向、较强的好奇心(OR=1.187,95%CI:1.048~ 1.345)、和同学相处较差(OR=2.596,95%CI: 2.142~3.146)、和家人相处较差(OR=1.913,95%CI:1.575~2.323)、更高的游泳水平(P<0.001)是溺水高危行为的危险因素。
    结论  新疆维吾尔自治区疏附县需每年加强对中小学生溺水预防知识和急救培训,充分发挥防溺水学校教育和监护人监督作用,尤其加强对留守儿童心理健康和防溺水伤害监护的重视。

     

    Abstract:
    Objective To understand the levels of awareness of drowning and high-risk behaviors of rural left- behind and non-left-behind children in Shufu county, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, and provide scientific evidence for the intervention of drowning prevention for rural children.
    Methods By random cluster sampling, 2 townships in Shufu were randomly selected in December 2021 to conduct a questionnaire survey in students from grade 1 to grade 8 in all primary and middle schools. Non-conditional logistic regression analysis and χ2 test were used to analyze the risk factors associated with drowning.
    Results A total of 14 543 primary and middle school students were surveyed, and 14 543 questionnaires were distributed, all the questionnaires were returned. The incidence of high-risk behaviors associated with drowning was higher in left-behind children than in non-left-behind children (χ2=8.00, P <0.05). The proportion of introvert children in left-behind children was higher than that in non-left-behind children (χ2=100.250, P <0.001), and the left-behind children usually got along poorly with parents (χ2=24.420, P<0.001) and classmates (χ2=35.420, P<0.001) compared with non-left-behind children. Open waters near school odds ratio(OR)=1.218, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.088–1.364, with open waters near home (OR=1.893, 95%CI: 1.704–2.102), being introvert, strong curiosity (OR=1.187, 95%CI: 1.048–1.345), getting along poorly with classmate (OR=2.596, 95%CI: 2.142–3.146), poor relationship with family (OR=1.913, 95%CI: 1.575– 2.323), higher swimming level (P<0.001) were risk factors for the high-risk behaviors associated with drowning.
    Conclusion It is necessary to strengthen the health education about drowning prevention and drowning rescue training in primary and middle schools in Shufu, and give full play to the role of school education about drowning prevention and supervision of guardian, in particular, pay close attention to the mental health of left-behind children and anti-drowning monitoring.

     

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