窦娜, 戴石元, 陈春涛, 贺峰, 罗娟, 杨雅淇, 何国忠. 2010-2021年云南省结核病流行病学特征分析[J]. 凯发娱乐加盟代理. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202208150364
引用本文: 窦娜, 戴石元, 陈春涛, 贺峰, 罗娟, 杨雅淇, 何国忠. 2010-2021年云南省结核病流行病学特征分析[J]. 凯发娱乐加盟代理. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202208150364
Dou Na, Dai Shiyuan, Chen Chuntao, He Feng, Luo Juan, Yang Yaqi, He Guozhong. Epidemiological characteristics of tuberculosis in Yunnan, 2010?2021[J]. Disease Surveillance. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202208150364
Citation: Dou Na, Dai Shiyuan, Chen Chuntao, He Feng, Luo Juan, Yang Yaqi, He Guozhong. Epidemiological characteristics of tuberculosis in Yunnan, 2010?2021[J]. Disease Surveillance. DOI: 10.3784/jbjc.202208150364

2010-2021年云南省结核病流行病学特征分析

Epidemiological characteristics of tuberculosis in Yunnan, 2010?2021

  • 摘要:
      目的  分析2010—2021年云南省结核病流行病学基本特征,掌握结核病发病特点,为云南省结核病的防治提供参考建议。
      方法  通过结核病监测信息报告管理系统下载2010—2021年云南省报告的结核病例数,使用地理信息系统(GIS)空间制图软件ArcGIS 10.7绘制云南省结核病报告发病率图示,对云南省结核病疫情概况进行描述性流行病学特征分析。
      结果  云南省2010—2021年结核病疫情反复波动(χ2=858.570,P<0.001),累计报告病例数共333846例,年均发病率为57.58/10万,其中男性病例224397例(67.22%),女性病例109449例(32.78%),男女性别比例为2.05∶1。 发病时间上,以春季为主,主要集中在4—7月;发病地区上,怒江傈僳族自治州发病率明显高于其他州市;发病年龄主要集中在15~70岁;发病人群主要以农民(258509例,77.43%)为主,其次为学生(19454例,5.83%)。
      结论  男性和农民已成为云南省结核病疫情的主要群体,且发病年龄多为中青年,应严格遵循“三位一体”的结核病防治服务模式加强对两类人群的管理和检测力度,组织基层医疗机构持续开展主动筛查和随访检查。

     

    Abstract:
      Objective  To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) in Yunnan province from 2010 to 2021 and provide reference for the prevention and treatment of TB in Yunnan.
      Methods  The incidence data of TB in Yunnan from 2010 to 2021 were collected from Tuberculosis Surveillance Information System. Software Arcgis 10.7 was used for the visualization of the incidence of TB for a descriptive analysis on the epidemiological characteristics of TB in Yunnan.
      Results  The incidence of TB fluctuated in Yunnan between 2010 and 2021 (χ2=858.570, P<0.001). A total of 333,846 TB cases were reported accumulatively with an annual average incidence rate of 57.58/100,000. In men, 224,397 TB cases were reported with an annual average incidence rate of 67.22%, while in women, 109,449 TB cases were reported with an annual average incidence rate of 32.78%. The male to female ratio of the cases was 2.05:1. In terms of temporal distribution, TB cases were mainly reported in during April-July. In terms of spatial distribution, the TB incidence rate was significantly higher in Nujiang prefecture than in other prefectures. In terms of age distribution, most TB cases were reported in people aged 15?70 years. In terms of occupation distribution, most cases were farmers (258,509, 77.43%), followed by students (19,454, 5.83%).
      Conclusions  Men and farmers had become the main populations affected by TB in Yunnan, youth and middle-aged people accounted for high proportion in the TB cases. It is necessary to strengthen the prevention and treatment of TB at three levels, conduct active screening and organize follow up regularly.

     

/

返回文章
返回
sitemap网站地图
友情链接:凯发娱乐网上注册  利来老牌官网地址  k66凯时  ag豪洒百万美金  jsckpot百万美金ag  ag百万美金彩池  d88尊龙网址登陆  ag豪洒百万美金  jsckpot百万美金ag  d88尊龙官网注册